Knowledge Representation and Metaphor

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ISBN 13: 9781871516395

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Knowledge Representation and Metaphor

Applied ethics. History of Western Philosophy. Normative ethics. Philosophy of biology.

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Philosophy of language. Particular attention was paid to the question in what contexts and discourses these metaphors were employed. Although theological, philosophical and educational texts in general exhibit a marked tendency to use such metaphors, spatial metaphor was also shown to be prevalent and often very productive in less rhetorically-charged texts, such as in medical texts.

  • Knowledge Representation and Metaphor;
  • Space and metaphor in cognition, language, and texts.
  • Microscopy, Optical Spectroscopy, and Macroscopic Techniques.
  • A Jordan Space Curve Which Bounds No Finite Simply Connected Area.

On the level of individual language usage, we focused on exploring the kinds of textual methods by which spatial metaphors are produced: whether broad text-scale metaphors or anaolgies were being used, or whether single instances were dotted merely at the lexical level throughout a text. These tendencies were outlined in our joint publication see below.

Knowledge Representation and Metaphor -

Because the individual projects investigated the function of metaphors in specific contexts, our research also investigated the kinds of contextual factors which influence concrete linguistic features and analyzed their effects on communication. Specifically, we attempted to determine, based on case studies, what interpretive effort was demanded or reduced by spatial metaphors. Although metaphors often concretize abstract concepts through spatial representations and enrich them with meaning, metaphors can also be employed to increase ambiguity, or merely to amplify the rhetorical quality of the language.

The group also shared a common interest in describing the relevance of spatial metaphors for the process by which knowledge is produced, organized and retained. Where spatial metaphors actually explain abstract facts through concrete concepts, it follows that bodies of knowledge could be cognitively structured and organized in accordance with spatial relations and hierarchies before ultimately being verbalised.

Ekaterina Shutova

Lastly, our interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary exchange made a substantial contribution to the theoretical and methodological debates within metaphorical research. The group did this by assessing the theoretical premises concerning use of metaphors with reference to concrete situations. Moreover, the group continuously reflected on the extent to which cognitive approaches, especially Conceptual Metaphor Theory, are applicable to the study of metaphors in ancient texts.